Bay Mills History Department
Paula Carrick, Historian
Located in the Armella Parker Building on Lakeshore Drive
Please call 906-248-8759 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Paula Carrick of the Bay Mills Indian Community began working for Bay Mills Indian Community's History Department in 1998. Originally she worked with a committee developed to aid Dr. Charles Cleland of Michigan State University in his research for a book of Bay Mills Lake Superior Ojibwe history. The History Department was created as a result of all the full time research.
The committee originally consisted of 12 members actively involved in researching old photos, documents and interviewing elders. The committee now consists of 7 members.
It is the mission of the Bay Mills History Committee and Department to protect, manage and preserve our culture, history and traditions for present and future generations. This includes all cultural, historical, and archaeological resources, as well as objects, places, knowledge, traditions, practices and beliefs.
The History Department is located at 12485 W. Lakeshore Dr. in the Armella Parker Elder building. Hours are Monday through Friday 8 to 4:30.
THE PLACE OF THE PIKE ‘GNOOZHEKAANING’
The book, “The Place of the Pike (Gnoozhekaaning)," is a History of the Bay Mills Indian Community. Gnoozhekaaning is the traditional name given to the area by the local Ojibwe. The book has been published by the University of Michigan Press and has been available since the spring of 2001.
The book is available at the Bay Mills History Department. The cost to Bay Mills members is $15 and non members $20.
Current and Future Projects
Work to acquire a place to display artifacts donated to us
Update and display Executive Councils at Bay Mills Resort and Casino
Collect, identify and share our ongoing collection of 10,000+ photos
Continue to collect and archive old documents
Continue to update our extensive genealogy
Continue to publish newspaper articles in the Bay Mills News
Continue to create place mats for the elder food program
Continue to display old photos around the community such as Sacy’s Restaurant, Bay Mills Resort, Bay Mills Human Resource Department, Ellen Marshall Building, Bay Mills Tribal Offices, Seniors Building, etc.
Continue researching photos and information for our Veteran’s file
Upkeep of the Old Indian Burial Ground/tombstone repair
Maintain Wadjiwong, the Ancient Burial Ground at Brady Park in Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.
In the News:
Old Indian Burial Ground Preservation Efforts- Bay Mills News (July 2013)
TRIBAL HISTORIC PRESERVATION OFFICER (THPO)
In 2010 Paula Carrick became the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for Bay Mills Indian Community. The National Historic Preservation Act allows federally recognized tribes to assume some or all of the State’s historic preservation duties. As the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer, Bay Mills History Dept. assumes that responsibility for our tribal lands.
Also, as THPO Carrick assumes Section 106 responsibilities. This gives the History Department the authority to respond to requests from state and federal undertakings from around the country as to any potential impact a project may have on tribal historic properties on or off tribal lands. On an average they process 1,500 such requests annually.
WHAT WE OFFER:
Assist tribal enrollment and members with ancestral research
Preserve historical items pertinent to our tribe and surrounding area
Update veterans information for all tribal members who serve
Make historical presentations about BMIC history
Consult with federal and state agencies as THPO officers
Protect, manage and preserve cultural properties
TRIBAL COUNCILS AND THE INDIAN REORGANIZATION ACT
On November 4, 1936, as a result of the Indian reorganization Act (IRA) of 1934, the Bay Mills Indian Community representing 5 of the original six Sault Ste. Marie Bands of Chippewa Indians, adopted a constitution and by-laws. With reorganization, tribes agreed to abandon their traditional forms of clan governments.
On March 6, 1937 we held our first tribal election. Those elected were Herman Cameron President, Lucy LeBlanc Vice-President, John Cameron Secretary, Arthur W. LeBlanc Treasurer and Clinton D. Marshall Councilman.
Five weeks later Herman Cameron resigned to work for the Bureau of Indian Affairs on the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota, leaving Lucy LeBlanc as the President. She then became the first woman President of a tribe in Michigan and possibly the country.
BAY MILLS INDIAN COMMUNITY
THE PLACE OF THE PIKE